Laboratory of Biocybernetics

The beginnings of Biocybernetic Lab

April 3, 1971 can be considered the beginning of research on biocybernetics and pattern recognition at AGH. On that day, for the first time in public, the first model of a so-called artificial animal  - an electronic dog - was presented. In addition to other functions, this model also had some elementary pattern recognition abilities. It was only a matter of recognizing simple elements of Polish speech (in fact, only two spoken messages), but recognition was based on a biocybernetic model of the auditory system (built with individual transistors), equipped with elements imitating the functions of a simple neural network for sound pattern recognition (built of relays!).

The Department of Biocybernetics (now called the Laboratory of Biocybernetics, AGH) was created within the Institute of Computer Sciences and Automated Control, AGH, in 1973.

The first studies concerned modelling the auditory system and recognition of speech (Tadeusiewicz, 1973 a and b) and other acoustic signals (Tadeusiewicz, 1974), which led to some general findings (G■recki, 1975; Tadeusiewicz, 1980), a patent (Tadeusiewicz, 1978) and an international publication (Tadeusiewicz, 1979). After a period of normal speech signal analyses, studies of pathological speech were also undertaken (Tadeusiewicz, 1985; Dudek-Dyduch, 1989). Along with studies on modeling the auditory system, other models of biological systems were investigated (Tadeusiewicz, 1981 a,b,c; Tadeusiewicz, 1982 b; Migacz, 1983 Tadeusiewicz, 1986; Tr■bka, 1988; Tadeusiewicz, 1989 a). There was also work on application of mathematical methods to microbiology (Mi'dzobrodzki, 1985) and diagnostics (Tadeusiewicz, 1987), which will not be discussed in detail here.

In 1982 the first publications on computer image processing came from the Laboratory  of Biocybernetics (Tadeusiewicz, 1982 a) in connection with the successful attempt to built the first Experimental Digital Image Recognition and Analysis System (CESARO - Cyfrowy Eksperymentalny System Analizy i Rozpoznawania Obraz■w) - based on the rather primitive PRS industrial computer - a system having a resolution of 128x128 pixels, with identification of 4 shades of gray (Kordek, 1982; Pachowicz, 1983). Particular attention was focused on the system's software (Tadeusiewicz, 1984; Pachowicz, 1984); that allowed construction and development of more modern systems of image analysis and recognition in later years (Tadeusiewicz, 1988 a nad b).

Starting from 1989, the use of neural networks has become one of the main lines of research (Tadeusiewicz, 1989 b; Tadeusiewicz, 1991) together with image processing in multi-processor systems (Tadeusiewicz, 1990). Besides image analysis and processing, pattern recognition has started to draw more and more interest (Mikrut, 1990, 1993; Tadeusiewicz, 1994 a and b).


  1. Dudek-Dyduch E., Tadeusiewicz R.: Analysis of Sound  Frequency in Auditory System, Biocybernetics and  Biomedical Engineering, vol. 9, No.. 1-4, pp. 47-61, 1989.
  2. G■recki H., Skowiniak A., Tadeusiewicz R.: Analysis of possible applications of learning circuits for sound patterns recognition, Theory of Control, part V, Krak■w 1975, pp. 143 - 156 (in Polish).
  3. Kordek J., Nipl R., Sztaba K., Tadeusiewicz R.:  CESARO Experimental Digital Image Recognition and Analysis System, Proceedings of the XVII International Conference "Primienienie EWM i  matematiczieskich mietodow w gornom dielie", Moskwa,  pp 452 - 456, 1982 (in Russian).
  4. Mi'dzobrodzki J., Tadeusiewicz R., Heczko P.B.:  Virulence of coagulase - negative Staphylococci for chick  embryos. The Staphylococci, Zbl. Bakt. Suppl. 14, Gustaw  Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York, pp. 477 - 481, 1985.
  5. Migacz A.,  Tadeusiewicz R.: A computer model of the  bee colony, System  Science,  vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 83 - 95, 1983.
  6. Mikrut Z., Tadeusiewicz R.: Automatic visual identification of objects on robotized work-stands. Elektrotechnics, vol. 9, No.3-4, pp. 485-499, Krak■w, 1990 (in Polish).
  7. Mikrut Z., Tadeusiewicz R.: Methodology of experiments with image-recognizing neural networks, Scientific Bulletins of the University of Mining and Metallurgy, Ser. Automatics, Bulletin No. 66, pp.7-30, Krak■w, 1993 (in Polish).
  8. Pachowicz P., Tadeusiewicz R.: CESARO - a system for visual image analysis and recognition, Computer Sciences No. 7 -  8, pp. 27 - 29, 1983 (in Polish).
  9. Pachowicz P., Tadeusiewicz R.: Effectiveness of the application of semi-parallel processing in sequential image systems, I National Conference "Signal Processing in Telecommunication, Command and Control," pp. 216  - 219, 1984 (in Polish)
  10. Tadeusiewicz R.: Modelling of the human auditory system, Proceedings of the I National SMS Seminar,  Zakopane 1973a, pp. 231 - 255 (in Polish)
  11. Tadeusiewicz R.: Bionic concept of speech analysis. Methods of direct inputting text and image information into information systems, Jab'onna 1973b, pp.  VIII-1 - VIII-15 (in Polish)
  12. Tadeusiewicz R.: Acoustic methods for estimating content of ball-grinders, Scientific Bulletins of the University of Mining and Metallurgy, Ser. Automatics, No.7/1974,pp.  43 - 52 (in Polish)
  13. Tadeusiewicz R., Jaworowski J.: Methods of acoustic signal processing, Polish patent No. 96081, 1978.
  14. Tadeusiewicz R.: A Computer Model of the Initial Part of  the Human Ear. In M.H. Hamza and S.G. Tzafestas (ed):  Advances in Measurement and Control. Acta Press, Anaheim, Calgary, Zurich, 1979, pp. 965-969.
  15. Tadeusiewicz R.: Analysis of the synphase summation mechanism based on a model of the human inner ear, Proceedings of the VIII National Conference on Automated Control, Szczecin 1980, pp.  776-782 (in Polish).
  16. Tadeusiewicz R., Pachowicz P.: Modelling of intracellular feedback in inner ear Corti organ ciliated cell, V National Conference on Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Warszawa, pp. 25-27, 1981a (in Polish).
  17. Tadeusiewicz R.: Simulation verification of a hypothetical regulation model of the epileptic attack process, V National Conference on Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Warszawa, pp. 44 - 46, 1981b (in Polish).
  18. Tadeusiewicz R., Migacz A.: Analysis of the suitability of a simulation model of bee colonies sharing a territory, in bee farming, V National Conference on Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering,  Warszawa, pp. 73 - 76, 1981c (in Polish).
  19. Tadeusiewicz R.: Computer image analysis and its applications, Electrotechnics, vol. I, No. 2, pp. 85 - 94, 1982a (in Polish).
  20. Tadeusiewicz R., Pachowicz P.: Model of the ciliate cell in the human Corti organ, Elektrotechnics, vol. 1,  No. 4, pp. 143 - 154, 1982b (in Polish)
  21. Tadeusiewicz R.: Hierarchical programming of the image analysis and recognition system, I National Conference "Signal Processing in Telecommunication, Command and Control," pp. 220 - 224, 1984 (in Polish).
  22. Tadeusiewicz R., Ksi■■kiewicz-J■|wiak B., Wszo'ek W.: Spectral evaluation criteria for speech deformation in stomatological prosthetics, VII National Conference on Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering,,  pp.39 - 42, Gda■sk 1985 (in Polish).
  23. Tadeusiewicz R.: Sugar curve computer evaluation methods, International Symposium on System -  Modelling - Control,  pp. 127 - 130, Zakopane, 1986.
  24. Tadeusiewicz R.: Artificial intelligence - auxiliary or creative tool in diagnostics, In a review publication supervised by Cz. Cempel - Diagnostics, pp. 75 - 82,  Politechnika Pozna■ska (Pozna■ Technical University), Pozna■ - Rydzyna, 1987 (in Polish)
  25. Tadeusiewicz R.: Role of the visual subsystem in robot control systems, Publication of the  Institute of Technical Cybernetics PW, No. 75, pp. 249 - 256, Wroc'aw 1988a (in Polish).
  26. Tadeusiewicz R.: Visual systems  for industrial robots, Proceedings of the III National Conference "Signal Processing in Telecommunication, Command and Control," pp.r 1 - 2, Bydgoszcz 1988b (in Polish).
  27. Tadeusiewicz R.: Biocybernetic modelling of the locomotor system, Mechanics, vol , fascicle 2, pp. 87 - 105, 1989a (in Polish).
  28. Tadeusiewicz R.: Models of neural-like networks and information processing in biological perceptual systems, Cybernetics-intelligence-development, PTC, pp.. 119 - 152, Siedlce 1989b (in Polish).
  29. Tadeusiewicz R.: The Multiprocessor Architectures for  Image Processing. Lecture Notes on Computer Vision and  Artificial Intelligence, Ossolineum, pp.  223 - 269, Wroc'aw 1990.
  30. Tadeusiewicz R.: Neural networks - guide, Elektrotechnics, vol. 10, No. 2, pp.  125 - 167, 1991 (in Polish)
  31. Tadeusiewicz R., Mikrut Z.: Neural networks applied to visual pattern recognition - a comparative study. Appl. Math. and Comp. Sci., vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 397-412, 1994a.
  32. Tadeusiewicz R.: Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition, Proceedings of "Intelligent Information Systems", IPI PAN, Warszawa 1994, pp. 410 - 426, Warszawa 1994b.
  33. Tr■bka W., Tadeusiewicz R.: Simulation Research  Concerning the Destabilization in Neuron-like Networks, Biocybernetics and Biomedical  Engineering, vol. 8, No. 1-4, pp. 145-155, 1988.

Books (in Polish):
  1. Marczewski W., Tadeusiewicz R.: Biocybernetic anthropomotorics, AWF (Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego - Academy of Sports) publ., Krak■w 1993 (ISSN 0239-4839)
  2. Tadeusiewicz R., Kot L., Mikrut Z., Majewski J.: Biocybernetics - part I, (second edition), AGH publ. No.  903, Krak■w, 1982
  3. Tadeusiewicz R.: Fundamentals of medical electronics - part  1, (second edition), AGH publ. No. 904, Krak■w, 1982
  4. Tadeusiewicz R.: Image recognition - theoretical outline, UJ (Uniwersytet Jagiello■ski - Jagiellonian University) publ. No. 499, Krak■w 1985
  5. Tadeusiewicz R.: Image recognition in economic applications, AE (Akademia Ekonomiczna - Academy of Economics) publ., Krak■w, 1985
  6. Tadeusiewicz R.: Speech signal, WKi' Warszawa 1988  (Published within the series "Problems of electronics and telecommunications")
  7. Tadeusiewicz R.: Biocybernetics, Ossolineum, Wroc'aw,  1988
  8. Tadeusiewicz R.: Towards smiling machines. A walk along the border line between biology and technology, Wyd. Alfa, Warszawa,  1989
  9. Tadeusiewicz R.: Problems of biocybernetics, AGH publ. No. 1242, Krak■w, 1990
  10. Tadeusiewicz R.: Problems of biocybernetics, PWN, Warszawa,  1991
  11. Tadeusiewicz R., M. Flasi■ski: Image recognition,  PWN, Warszawa, 1991
  12. Tadeusiewicz R.: Visual systems for industrial robots,  WNT (series Robotics No. 5), Warszawa 1992
  13. Tadeusiewicz R.: Neural networks, Akademicka Oficyna Wydawnicza, Warszawa, 1993 (first and second revised edition the same year).
  14. Tadeusiewicz R., Izworski A., Majewski J.: Biometry.  AGH publ., Krak■w, 1993
  15. Tadeusiewicz R.: Problems of biocybernetics, PWN, Warszawa  1993 (second, revised edition)

Copyright 1997  Zbigniew Mikrut, Piotr Osinski, Nestcape Communicator
Last Modified: 05.12.1997