Laboratory of Biocybernetics
The beginnings of Biocybernetic Lab
April 3, 1971 can be considered the beginning of research on biocybernetics
and pattern recognition at AGH. On that day, for the first time in public,
the first model of a so-called artificial animal - an electronic
dog - was presented. In addition to other functions, this model also had
some elementary pattern recognition abilities. It was only a matter of
recognizing simple elements of Polish speech (in fact, only two spoken
messages), but recognition was based on a biocybernetic model of the auditory
system (built with individual transistors), equipped with elements imitating
the functions of a simple neural network for sound pattern recognition
(built of relays!).
The Department of Biocybernetics (now called the Laboratory of Biocybernetics,
AGH) was created within the Institute of Computer Sciences and Automated
Control, AGH, in 1973.
The first studies concerned modelling the auditory system and recognition
of speech (Tadeusiewicz, 1973 a and b) and other acoustic signals (Tadeusiewicz,
1974), which led to some general findings (G■recki, 1975; Tadeusiewicz,
1980), a patent (Tadeusiewicz, 1978) and an international publication (Tadeusiewicz,
1979). After a period of normal speech signal analyses, studies of pathological
speech were also undertaken (Tadeusiewicz, 1985; Dudek-Dyduch, 1989). Along
with studies on modeling the auditory system, other models of biological
systems were investigated (Tadeusiewicz, 1981 a,b,c; Tadeusiewicz, 1982
b; Migacz, 1983 Tadeusiewicz, 1986; Tr■bka, 1988; Tadeusiewicz, 1989 a).
There was also work on application of mathematical methods to microbiology
(Mi'dzobrodzki, 1985) and diagnostics (Tadeusiewicz, 1987), which will
not be discussed in detail here.
In 1982 the first publications on computer image processing came from
the Laboratory of Biocybernetics (Tadeusiewicz, 1982 a) in connection
with the successful attempt to built the first Experimental Digital Image
Recognition and Analysis System (CESARO - Cyfrowy Eksperymentalny System
Analizy i Rozpoznawania Obraz■w) - based on the rather primitive PRS industrial
computer - a system having a resolution of 128x128 pixels, with identification
of 4 shades of gray (Kordek, 1982; Pachowicz, 1983). Particular attention
was focused on the system's software (Tadeusiewicz, 1984; Pachowicz, 1984);
that allowed construction and development of more modern systems of image
analysis and recognition in later years (Tadeusiewicz, 1988 a nad b).
Starting from 1989, the use of neural networks has become one of the
main lines of research (Tadeusiewicz, 1989 b; Tadeusiewicz, 1991) together
with image processing in multi-processor systems (Tadeusiewicz, 1990).
Besides image analysis and processing, pattern recognition has started
to draw more and more interest (Mikrut, 1990, 1993; Tadeusiewicz, 1994
a and b).
Dudek-Dyduch E., Tadeusiewicz R.: Analysis of Sound Frequency in
Auditory System, Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, vol.
9, No.. 1-4, pp. 47-61, 1989.
G■recki H., Skowiniak A., Tadeusiewicz R.: Analysis of possible applications
of learning circuits for sound patterns recognition, Theory of Control,
part V, Krak■w 1975, pp. 143 - 156 (in Polish).
Kordek J., Nipl R., Sztaba K., Tadeusiewicz R.: CESARO Experimental
Digital Image Recognition and Analysis System, Proceedings of the XVII
International Conference "Primienienie EWM i matematiczieskich mietodow
w gornom dielie", Moskwa, pp 452 - 456, 1982 (in Russian).
Mi'dzobrodzki J., Tadeusiewicz R., Heczko P.B.: Virulence of coagulase
- negative Staphylococci for chick embryos. The Staphylococci, Zbl.
Bakt. Suppl. 14, Gustaw Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York, pp.
477 - 481, 1985.
Migacz A., Tadeusiewicz R.: A computer model of the bee colony,
System Science, vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 83 - 95, 1983.
Mikrut Z., Tadeusiewicz R.: Automatic visual identification of objects
on robotized work-stands. Elektrotechnics, vol. 9, No.3-4, pp. 485-499,
Krak■w, 1990 (in Polish).
Mikrut Z., Tadeusiewicz R.: Methodology of experiments with image-recognizing
neural networks, Scientific Bulletins of the University of Mining and Metallurgy,
Ser. Automatics, Bulletin No. 66, pp.7-30, Krak■w, 1993 (in Polish).
Pachowicz P., Tadeusiewicz R.: CESARO - a system for visual image analysis
and recognition, Computer Sciences No. 7 - 8, pp. 27 - 29, 1983 (in
Pachowicz P., Tadeusiewicz R.: Effectiveness of the application of semi-parallel
processing in sequential image systems, I National Conference "Signal Processing
in Telecommunication, Command and Control," pp. 216 - 219, 1984 (in
Tadeusiewicz R.: Modelling of the human auditory system, Proceedings of
the I National SMS Seminar, Zakopane 1973a, pp. 231 - 255 (in Polish)
Tadeusiewicz R.: Bionic concept of speech analysis. Methods of direct inputting
text and image information into information systems, Jab'onna 1973b, pp.
VIII-1 - VIII-15 (in Polish)
Tadeusiewicz R.: Acoustic methods for estimating content of ball-grinders,
Scientific Bulletins of the University of Mining and Metallurgy, Ser. Automatics,
No.7/1974,pp. 43 - 52 (in Polish)
Tadeusiewicz R., Jaworowski J.: Methods of acoustic signal processing,
Polish patent No. 96081, 1978.
Tadeusiewicz R.: A Computer Model of the Initial Part of the Human
Ear. In M.H. Hamza and S.G. Tzafestas (ed): Advances in Measurement
and Control. Acta Press, Anaheim, Calgary, Zurich, 1979, pp. 965-969.
Tadeusiewicz R.: Analysis of the synphase summation mechanism based on
a model of the human inner ear, Proceedings of the VIII National Conference
on Automated Control, Szczecin 1980, pp. 776-782 (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R., Pachowicz P.: Modelling of intracellular feedback in inner
ear Corti organ ciliated cell, V National Conference on Biocybernetics
and Biomedical Engineering, Warszawa, pp. 25-27, 1981a (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R.: Simulation verification of a hypothetical regulation model
of the epileptic attack process, V National Conference on Biocybernetics
and Biomedical Engineering, Warszawa, pp. 44 - 46, 1981b (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R., Migacz A.: Analysis of the suitability of a simulation
model of bee colonies sharing a territory, in bee farming, V National Conference
on Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, Warszawa, pp. 73 -
76, 1981c (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R.: Computer image analysis and its applications, Electrotechnics,
vol. I, No. 2, pp. 85 - 94, 1982a (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R., Pachowicz P.: Model of the ciliate cell in the human Corti
organ, Elektrotechnics, vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 143 - 154, 1982b (in Polish)
Tadeusiewicz R.: Hierarchical programming of the image analysis and recognition
system, I National Conference "Signal Processing in Telecommunication,
Command and Control," pp. 220 - 224, 1984 (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R., Ksi■■kiewicz-J■|wiak B., Wszo'ek W.: Spectral evaluation
criteria for speech deformation in stomatological prosthetics, VII National
Conference on Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering,, pp.39 -
42, Gda■sk 1985 (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R.: Sugar curve computer evaluation methods, International
Symposium on System - Modelling - Control, pp. 127 - 130, Zakopane,
Tadeusiewicz R.: Artificial intelligence - auxiliary or creative tool in
diagnostics, In a review publication supervised by Cz. Cempel - Diagnostics,
pp. 75 - 82, Politechnika Pozna■ska (Pozna■ Technical University),
Pozna■ - Rydzyna, 1987 (in Polish)
Tadeusiewicz R.: Role of the visual subsystem in robot control systems,
Publication of the Institute of Technical Cybernetics PW, No. 75,
pp. 249 - 256, Wroc'aw 1988a (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R.: Visual systems for industrial robots, Proceedings
of the III National Conference "Signal Processing in Telecommunication,
Command and Control," pp.r 1 - 2, Bydgoszcz 1988b (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R.: Biocybernetic modelling of the locomotor system, Mechanics,
vol , fascicle 2, pp. 87 - 105, 1989a (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R.: Models of neural-like networks and information processing
in biological perceptual systems, Cybernetics-intelligence-development,
PTC, pp.. 119 - 152, Siedlce 1989b (in Polish).
Tadeusiewicz R.: The Multiprocessor Architectures for Image Processing.
Lecture Notes on Computer Vision and Artificial Intelligence, Ossolineum,
pp. 223 - 269, Wroc'aw 1990.
Tadeusiewicz R.: Neural networks - guide, Elektrotechnics, vol. 10, No.
2, pp. 125 - 167, 1991 (in Polish)
Tadeusiewicz R., Mikrut Z.: Neural networks applied to visual pattern recognition
- a comparative study. Appl. Math. and Comp. Sci., vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 397-412,
Tadeusiewicz R.: Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition, Proceedings of
"Intelligent Information Systems", IPI PAN, Warszawa 1994, pp. 410 - 426,
Tr■bka W., Tadeusiewicz R.: Simulation Research Concerning the Destabilization
in Neuron-like Networks, Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering,
vol. 8, No. 1-4, pp. 145-155, 1988.
Books (in Polish):
Marczewski W., Tadeusiewicz R.: Biocybernetic anthropomotorics, AWF (Akademia
Wychowania Fizycznego - Academy of Sports) publ., Krak■w 1993 (ISSN 0239-4839)
Tadeusiewicz R., Kot L., Mikrut Z., Majewski J.: Biocybernetics - part
I, (second edition), AGH publ. No. 903, Krak■w, 1982
Tadeusiewicz R.: Fundamentals of medical electronics - part 1, (second
edition), AGH publ. No. 904, Krak■w, 1982
Tadeusiewicz R.: Image recognition - theoretical outline, UJ (Uniwersytet
Jagiello■ski - Jagiellonian University) publ. No. 499, Krak■w 1985
Tadeusiewicz R.: Image recognition in economic applications, AE (Akademia
Ekonomiczna - Academy of Economics) publ., Krak■w, 1985
Tadeusiewicz R.: Speech signal, WKi' Warszawa 1988 (Published within
the series "Problems of electronics and telecommunications")
Tadeusiewicz R.: Biocybernetics, Ossolineum, Wroc'aw, 1988
Tadeusiewicz R.: Towards smiling machines. A walk along the border line
between biology and technology, Wyd. Alfa, Warszawa, 1989
Tadeusiewicz R.: Problems of biocybernetics, AGH publ. No. 1242, Krak■w,
Tadeusiewicz R.: Problems of biocybernetics, PWN, Warszawa, 1991
Tadeusiewicz R., M. Flasi■ski: Image recognition, PWN, Warszawa,
Tadeusiewicz R.: Visual systems for industrial robots, WNT (series
Robotics No. 5), Warszawa 1992
Tadeusiewicz R.: Neural networks, Akademicka Oficyna Wydawnicza, Warszawa,
1993 (first and second revised edition the same year).
Tadeusiewicz R., Izworski A., Majewski J.: Biometry. AGH publ., Krak■w,
Tadeusiewicz R.: Problems of biocybernetics, PWN, Warszawa 1993 (second,
Copyright 1997 Zbigniew Mikrut, Piotr Osinski,
Last Modified: 05.12.1997